Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana 2022 – The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is a nation wide initiative to increase farm output and guarantee better resource utilisation in the nation. For the period of one year, 2015–2016, a budget of 53 billion (US$660 million) has been been aside for this programme. The decision was made on July 1, 2015, during a meeting of the Cabinet Committee on Economic Approved, with a 50000 crore expenditure for a five-year term (2015-16 to 2019-20).
Out of 65 million hectares (or 45%) of the nation’s total net sown land, or around 141 m.Ha, are currently irrigated. Because of the significant reliance on rainfall, farming in unirrigated areas is a dangerous and underproductive activity. According to empirical data, ensured or protective irrigation encourages farmers to spend more on farming equipment and inputs, which boosts productivity and raises farm income.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
The ambitious goal of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY), which was introduced in 2015, is to guarantee that all agricultural farms in the nation have access to some type of protective irrigation system in order to produce “per drop more crop” and bring about the aforementioned rural prosperity.
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
|Prime Minister(s)||Narendra Modi|
|Ministry||Jal shakti Mantralaya, ministry of rural development, ministry of agriculture|
|Budget||US$379.8 Million Dollar(2600 Crore)|
Major objectives of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
- Achieve convergence of field-level irrigation investment
- Increase the area that can be farmed with irrigation.
- To reduce water waste, increase the efficiency of on-farm water use.
- Promote the use of accurate irrigation and other water-saving techniques (more crop per drop)
- Improve aquifer recharge and implement long-term water conservation strategies.
- Assure the coordinated development of rainfed areas using the watershed approach to soil and water conservation, groundwater regeneration, runoff prevention, offering livelihood possibilities, and other NRM activities.
- Encourage farmers and local field workers to participate in extension programmes on water harvesting, water management, and crop alignment.
- The viability of employing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture should be investigated.
- Encourage more private irrigation investment.
- Increase the effectiveness of farm water use to cut down on waste and extend the time that water is available.
Various components of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
PMKSY is made up of three main parts that are carried out by different ministries. They are listed below.
Ministry of Jal Shakti’s Department of Water Resources, River Development, and Ganga Rejuvenation
Program : Accelerated Irrigation Benefits (AIBP)
Program : Har Khet Ko Pani, a component (HKKP)
- Sub program : Command Area Development is a sub component (CAD)
- Sub program : Minor Surface Irrigation (SMI)
- Subprogram : Waterbodies’ Repair, Renovation, and Restoration (RRR)
Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development sub program: Ground Water Development
Program : Watershed development
Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Department, Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Ministry
Program : More Crops Per Drop
Duration of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
The term of the Krishi Sinchayee Yojana is 5 years, from 2015–16 to 2019–20, with a budget of Rs. 50,000 crores. The continuance of the Har Khet ko Paani (HKKP), Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program (AIBP), and Watershed Development components has been approved for the year 2021–2026 with a budget of Rs. 93,068 crore, including Rs. 37,454 crore in federal aid to States
Objectives of Components
PMKSY has the subsequent programme components:
- Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP)
- To specialise in faster completion of ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation including National Projects.
- PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani)
- Creation of latest water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and ground water)
- Repair, restoration and renovation of water bodies; strengthening carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction rain water harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay);
- Command area development, strengthening and creation of distribution network from source to the farm;
- Ground water development in the areas where it is abundant, in order that sink is created to store runoff/ flood water during peak rainy season.
- Improvement in water management and distribution system for water bodies to require advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits). a minimum of 10% of the command area to be covered under micro/precision irrigation.
PMKSY (Per Drop More Crop)
- Programme management, preparation of State/District Irrigation Plan, approval of annual action plan, Monitoring etc.
- Promoting efficient water conveyance and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain – guns within the farm (Jal Sinchan);
- Topping from input cost particularly under civil construction beyond permissible limit (40%), under MGNREGS for activities like lining inlet, outlet, silt traps, distribution system etc.
- Construction of micro irrigation structures to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells (in areas where spring water is available and not under semi critical /critical /over exploited category of development) which are not supported under AIBP, PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS a s per block/district irrigation plan.
- Secondary storage structures at tail end of canal system to store water when available in abundance (rainy season) or from perennial sources like streams for use during dry periods through effective on – farm water management;
- Water lifting devices like diesel/ electric/ solar pumpsets including water carriage pipes, underground piping system.
- Extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures including cropping alignment to maximise use of obtainable water including rainfall and minimise irrigation requirement (Jal sarankchan);
PMKSY (Watershed Development)
- Effective management of runoff water and improved soil & moisture conservation activities like ridge area treatment, drainage line 5 treatment, rain water harvesting, in – situ moisture conservation and other allied activities o n watershed basis.
- Converging with MGNREGS for creation of water source to full potential in identified backward rainfed blocks including renovation of traditional water bodies.
Targets of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY)
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme
- Total additional irrigation potential creation targeted during 2021-26 under AIBP is 13.88 lakh hectare. aside from focused completion of 60 ongoing projects including their 30.23 lakh hectare command area development, additional projects to even be taken up. The inclusion criteria are relaxed for projects under tribal and drought prone areas.
- Central funding of 90% of water component for 2 national projects, namely Renukaji Dam Project (Himachal Pradesh) and Lakhwar Multipurpose Project (Uttarakhand) has been provisioned. the 2 projects would provide beginning of storage in Yamuna basin benefitting six states of upper Yamuna basin, augmenting water system to Delhi as well Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, UP, Haryana, and Rajasthan and a serious step towards rejuvenation of Yamuna.
Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)
- Under HKKP, surface minor irrigation and repair-renovation-restoration of water bodies component of PMKSY is targeted to supply additional 4.5 lakh hectare irrigation.
- In view of importance of rejuvenation of water bodies, a paradigm shift in funding of their rejuvenation in both urban and rural areas, with significant expansion of their inclusion criteria, and enhancement of central assistance from 25% to 60% generally area.
- Ground Water component of HKKP, approved provisionally for 2021-22, targets creation of irrigation potential of 1.52 lakh hectare.
- Completion of sanctioned projects covering 49.5 lakh hectare rainfed/ degraded lands to bring additional 2.5 lakh hectare under protective irrigation,
- A specific provision for development of springsheds has been included in the program.
- Source : Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare
Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana Help Line NO. :- 011-2338 3370
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