Lala Lajpat Rai biography:Lala Lajpat Rai made a huge difference in the fight for Indian freedom. During the fight for independence, he was known as one of the “Lal Bal Pal” trio. He became known as the “Punjab Kesari,” or “Lion of Punjab.” Let’s look at Lala Lajpat Rai’s early life, his family, his path to politics, his accomplishments, slogans, books, etc.
Lala Lajpat Rai Biography
Lala Lajpat Rai biography was an Indian writer and politician. He was born in 1865 in Dhudike, India, and died on November 17, 1928, in Lahore, which is now in Pakistan. In the Indian National Congress (Congress Party) and as a leader of the Hindu supremacy movement, he was outspoken in his support of a militant anti-British nationalism. After studying law at the Government College in Lahore, lala Lajpat Rai biography worked as a lawyer in Hissar and Lahore.
There, he helped start the nationalist Dayananda Anglo-Vedic School and became a follower of Dayananda Sarasvati, the founder of the conservative Hindu group Arya Samaj (“Society of Aryans”). Lajpat Rai was sent to Mandalay, Burma (now Myanmar), without a trial in May 1907. He had joined the Congress Party and been involved in political protests in the Punjab. In November, Lord Minto, the viceroy, decided that there wasn’t enough evidence to keep him in jail for subversion. So, he let him go. In December 1907, people who supported Lajpat Rai tried to get him elected as president of the party session in Surat. However, people who wanted to work with the British refused to let him be president, and the party split over the issues.
Lala Lajpat Rai Biography – Highlights
|Born||28 January, 1865|
|Place of Birth||Dhudike, India|
|Father’s Name||Munshi Radha Krishna Azad|
|Mother’s Name||Gulab Devi|
|Children||Amrit Rai, Pyarelal, Parvati|
|Education||Government Higher Secondary School|
|Political Association||Indian National Congress, Arya Samaj|
|Movement||Indian Independence Movement|
|Political Ideology||Nationalism, Liberalism|
|Death||17 November, 1928|
|Place of Death||Lahore (now in Pakistan)|
Lala Lajpat Rai Early Life
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865, in the Indian town of Dhudike. He was his parents’ oldest son. His father knew two languages well: Urdu and Persian. His mother was a religious woman who taught her children to have strong morals. His first school was the Government Higher Secondary School in Rewari, which is now in Haryana but used to be in Punjab. In 1880, he went to Lahore to study law at the Government College.
In college, Lala Lajpat Rai met people like Lala Hans Raj, Pandit Guru Dutt, etc., who would later fight for freedom. He became a lawyer in Hissar, Haryana, after getting his law degree. He got married to Radha Devi in 1877. As a delegate, he went to the National Congress’s meetings every year in 1888 and 1889. In 1892, he worked as a lawyer in Lahore before the High Court.
Lala Lajpat Rai Family
Let’s look at a few more facts about Lala Lajpat Rai biography , like what we know about his family. Lala Lajpat Rai was married to Radha Devi Aggarwal. He had two boys and one girl as children. His sons were Pyarelal Aggrawal and Amrit Rai Aggrawal. Parvati Aggrawal was the name of his daughter.
Lala Lajpat Rai Political Journey
He quit his job as a lawyer because he wanted the country to be free from British rule. He thought it was important to show the rest of the world how bad the British rule in India was, and he also saw that the state of the Indian Freedom Struggle needed to be shown. He went to England in 1914 and to the United States in 1917.
In 1917, in New York, he started the Indian Home Rule League of America. Between 1917 and 1920, he lived in the United States. When he went back to India in 1920, the Congress asked him to lead a special meeting in Calcutta (now Kolkata). He led a protest against the British at Jallianwala Bagh, where they killed a lot of people.
In 1920, Mahatma Gandhi started the Non-Cooperation Movement, which was led in Punjab by Lala Lajpat Rai. From 1921 to 1923, he was in jail. When he got out of jail, he was elected to the legislature. Because of what happened with Chauri-Chauri, Gandhiji brought back the non-cooperation movement. Lala Lajpat Rai didn’t like this decision and wanted to start the Congress Independence Party.
The Simon Commission went to India in 1928. The goal was to talk about changes to the Constitution. In 1928, Lala Lajpat Rai puts forward a bill in the legislative assembly to stop the British Simon Commission from doing business. During a protest in Lahore, he died after being hit by police with lathi charges.
Lala Lajpat Rai Writings
- The Story of How I Was Sent Away (1908),
- Arya Samaj (1915),
- The United States of America, from the point of view of a Hindu (1916),
- England’s Debt to India: A Historical Account of Britain’s Fiscal Policy in India (1917),
- India is unhappy (1928)
Lala Lajpat Rai Death
Lala Lajpat Rai led a peaceful march on October 30, 1928, to protest the Simon Commission’s visit to Lahore. Superintendent of Police James A. Scott stopped the march and told his police force to “lathi-charge” the protesters. Lajpat Rai was the only person the police went after, and they hit him in the chest. Lala Lajpat Rai was badly hurt by what happened. On November 17, 1928, he had a heart attack and died. His followers blamed the British for his death and vowed to get even with them. Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, and others planned to kill Scott, but the revolutionaries shot J.P. Saunders instead of Scott because they thought he was Scott.
Lala Lajpat Rai biography Faqs
In New York in 1917, who started the Indian Home Rule League of America?
In New York in 1917, Lala Lajpat Rai started the Indian Home Rule League of America. Between 1917 and 1920, he lived in the United States.
How did Lala Lajpat Rai earn the title “Punjab Kesari”?
Lala Lajpat Rai was known for his patriotism, his ideas, and what he did to help India become a free country. He was called “Punjab Kesari” because he was a key figure in the fight for Indian independence.
When did Lala Lajpat Rai get his start?
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865, in Dhudike, India.
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